Absolute Value induces Equivalence not Compatible with Integer Addition

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Theorem

Let $\Z$ be the set of integers.

Let $\RR$ be the relation on $\Z$ defined as:

$\forall x, y \in \Z: \tuple {x, y} \in \RR \iff \size x = \size y$

where $\size x$ denotes the absolute value of $x$.


Then $\RR$ is not a congruence relation for integer addition.


Proof

From Absolute Value Function on Integers induces Equivalence Relation, $\RR$ is an equivalence relation.


However, consider that:

\(\displaystyle \size {-1} = \size 1\) \(\leadsto\) \(\displaystyle -1 \mathop \RR 1\)
\(\displaystyle \size 2 = \size 2\) \(\leadsto\) \(\displaystyle 2 \mathop \RR 2\)

By conventional integer addition:

$-1 + 2 = 1$

while:

$1 + 2 = 3$

But it does not hold that:

$\size 1 = \size 3$

Therefore $\RR$ is not a congruence relation for integer addition.

Hence the result, by Proof by Counterexample.

$\blacksquare$


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