Additive and Countably Subadditive Function is Countably Additive

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Theorem

Let $\Sigma$ be a $\sigma$-algebra over a set $X$.

Let $f: \Sigma \to \overline \R_{\ge 0}$ be an additive and countably subadditive function, where $\overline \R_{\ge 0}$ denotes the set of positive extended real numbers.


Then $f$ is countably additive.


Proof

Let $\left \langle {S_n}\right \rangle_{n \in \N}$ be a sequence of pairwise disjoint elements of $\Sigma$.

Let $N \in \N$ be any natural number.

By Set is Subset of Union:

$\displaystyle \bigcup_{n \mathop = 0}^N S_n \subseteq \bigcup_{n \mathop = 0}^\infty S_n$

From Non-Negative Additive Function is Monotone:

$\displaystyle f \left({\bigcup_{n \mathop = 0}^N S_n}\right) \le f \left({\bigcup_{n \mathop = 0}^\infty S_n}\right)$


Also, from Finite Union of Sets in Additive Function:

$\displaystyle f \left({\bigcup_{n \mathop = 0}^N S_n}\right) = \sum_{n \mathop = 0}^N f \left({S_n}\right)$

Hence:

$\displaystyle \sum_{n \mathop = 0}^N f \left({S_n}\right) \le f \left({\bigcup_{n \mathop = 0}^\infty S_n}\right)$

Taking the limit as $N \to \infty$, it follows by Lower and Upper Bounds for Sequences that:

$\displaystyle \sum_{n \mathop = 0}^\infty f \left({S_n}\right) \le f \left({\bigcup_{n \mathop = 0}^\infty S_n}\right)$

The reverse inequality holds because of the countable subadditivity of $f$, and thus equality holds.

$\blacksquare$