Area of Regular Polygon by Inradius

From ProofWiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search


Let $P$ be a regular $n$-gon.

Let $C$ be an incircle of $P$.

Let the radius of $C$ be $r$.

Then the area $\AA$ of $P$ is given by:

$\AA = n r^2 \tan \dfrac \pi n$



From Regular Polygon is composed of Isosceles Triangles, let $\triangle OAB$ be one of the $n$ isosceles triangles that compose $P$.

Then $\AA$ is equal to $n$ times the area of $\triangle OAB$.

Also, $r$ is the length of the altitude of $\triangle OAB$.

Let $d$ be the length of one side of $P$.

Then $d$ is the length of the base of $\triangle OAB$.

The angle $\angle AOB$ is equal to $\dfrac {2 \pi} n$.

Then $d = 2 r \tan \dfrac \pi n$


\(\ds \AA\) \(=\) \(\ds n \frac {r d} 2\) Area of Triangle in Terms of Side and Altitude
\(\ds \) \(=\) \(\ds \frac n 2 r \paren {2 r \tan \dfrac \pi n}\) substituting from above
\(\ds \) \(=\) \(\ds n r^2 \tan \dfrac \pi n\) rearranging