Axiom:Axiom of Extension/Set Theory/Formulation 1

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Axiom

Let $A$ and $B$ be sets.

The axiom of extension can be formulated as:

$\forall x: \paren {x \in A \iff x \in B} \iff A = B$


Axiom of Extension for Classes

The axiom of extension in the context of class theory has the same form:

Let $A$ and $B$ be classes.

Then:

$\forall x: \paren {x \in A \iff x \in B} \iff A = B$


Also known as

The axiom of extension is also known as:

the axiom of extensionality
the axiom of extent.


Linguistic Note

The nature of the axiom of extension, or axiom of extensionality as it is frequently called, suggests that the axiom of extent, ought in fact to be the preferred name, as it gives a precise definition of the extent of a collection.

However, the word extensionality is a term in logic which determines equality of objects by its external features, as opposed to intensionality, which is more concerned with internal structure.


Sources