# Basis for Topological Subspace

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## Theorem

Let $T = \struct {A, \tau}$ be a topological space.

Let $\O \subseteq H \subseteq A$ and so let $T_H = \struct {H, \tau_H}$ be a subspace of $T$.

Let $\BB$ be a (synthetic) basis for $T$.

Let $\BB_H$ be defined as:

$\BB_H = \set {U \cap H: U \in \BB}$

Then $\BB_H$ is a (synthetic) basis for $H$.

## Proof

$\BB \subseteq \powerset A$ is a synthetic basis for $T$ if and only if:

$(\text B 1): \quad$ $A$ is a union of sets from $\BB$
$(\text B 2): \quad$ If $B_1, B_2 \in B$, then $B_1 \cap B_2$ is a union of sets from $\BB$.

Let $A = \mathbb S$ be a union of sets from $\BB$.

Then:

$\ds A = \bigcup_{S \mathop \in \mathbb S} S$

for some $\mathbb S \subseteq \BB$.

Hence:

 $\ds H$ $=$ $\ds A \cap H$ Intersection with Subset is Subset‎ $\ds$ $=$ $\ds \paren {\bigcup_{S \mathop \in \mathbb S} S} \cap H$ $\ds$ $=$ $\ds \bigcup_{S \mathop \in \mathbb S} \paren {S \cap H}$ Intersection Distributes over Union

But if $S \in \BB$, then $S \cap H \in \BB_H$

So $H$ is a union of sets from $\BB_H$.

In the same way we investigate $U_1$ and $U_2$.

Let $U_1, U_2 \in \BB_H$.

Then $U_1 = B_1 \cap H, U_2 = B_2 \cap H$ for some $B_1, B_2 \in \BB$.

Then $U_1 \cap U_2 = B_1 \cap H \cap B_2 \cap H = \paren {B_1 \cap B_2} \cap H$.

As $\BB$ is a (synthetic) basis for $A$, we have that:

$\ds B_1 \cap B_2 = \bigcup_{S \mathop \in \mathbb S} S$

for some $\mathbb S \subseteq \BB$.

Hence:

 $\ds U_1 \cap U_2$ $=$ $\ds \paren {B_1 \cap B_2} \cap H$ $\ds$ $=$ $\ds \paren {\bigcup_{S \mathop \in \mathbb S} S} \cap H$ $\ds$ $=$ $\ds \bigcup_{S \mathop \in \mathbb S} \paren {S \cap H}$ Intersection Distributes over Union

But if $S \in \BB$, then $S \cap H \in \BB_H$.

So $U_1 \cap U_2$ is a union of sets from $\BB_H$.

So $\BB_H$ fulfils the conditions to be a synthetic basis for $H$.

$\blacksquare$