Book:Anonymous/Bakhshali Manuscript

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Anonymous: Bakhshali Manuscript

Published $\text {$1$st millennium}$

An ancient Indian mathematical text written on birch bark.

Found in $1881$ in the village of Bakhshali, District Mardan near Peshawar in present-day Pakistan.

It is perhaps the oldest extant manuscript in Indian mathematics.


It is written in Sanskrit with significant influence of local dialects.

For some portions a carbon-date was proposed of between $224$ and $383$.

For other portions, a recent study has determined a carbon-date of as late as $885$ to $993$.

However, this has been challenged by specialists on methodological grounds.


The earliest known Indian use of a zero symbol.