# Book:Tablet/BM 13901/Examples

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## Example from

## Example from *BM $\mathit { 13901 }$*

*I have added up seven times the side of my square and eleven times the area, [getting] $6; 15$ [that is, $6 \dfrac 1 4$ in modern notation].*

The numbers here are base $60$.

## Solution

The solution as given on the tablet is as follows:

*You write down $7$ and $11$.**You multiply $6; 15$ by $11$, [getting] $1, 8; 45$.**You break off half of $7$, [getting] $3; 30$ and $3; 30$.**You multiply, [getting] $12; 15$.**You add [this] to $1, 8; 45$ [getting] result $1, 21$.**This is the square of $9$.**You subtract $3; 30$, which you multiplied, from $9$.**Result $5; 30$.**The reciprocal of $11$ cannot be found.**By what must I multiply $11$ to obtain $5; 30$?**[The answer is] $0; 30$, the side of the square is $0; 30$.*

In modern notation, we write:

- $a = 11, b = 7, c = 6; 25 = 6 \dfrac 1 4$

Thus we have the quadratic equation:

- $a x^2 + b x = c$

with the particular values given.

The technique given is:

- Multiply $a$ by $c$ to get $a c$.
- Divide $b$ by $2$, to get $\dfrac b 2$.
- Square $\dfrac b 2$ to get $\dfrac {b^2} 4$.
- Add this to $a c$, which is $a c + \dfrac {b^2} 4$.
- Take its square root $\sqrt {a c + \dfrac {b^2} 4}$.
- Subtract $\dfrac b 2$, which makes $\sqrt {a c + \dfrac {b^2} 4} - \dfrac b 2$.
- Divide this by $a$, to give the answer $x = \dfrac {\sqrt {a c + \frac {b^2} 4} - \frac b 2} a$.

This is equivalent to:

- $x = \dfrac {- b + \sqrt {b^2 - 4 a c} } {2 a}$

which is the Quadratic Formula for the equation $a x^2 + b x + c = 0$, substituting $-c$ for $c$.

## Sources

- 2008: Ian Stewart:
*Taming the Infinite*... (previous) ... (next): Chapter $4$: Lure of the Unknown: Equations