Characteristic Function of Union/Variant 2

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Let $A, B \subseteq S$.

Let $\chi_{A \mathop \cup B}$ be the characteristic function of their union $A \cup B$.


$\chi_{A \mathop \cup B} = \chi_A + \chi_B - \chi_{A \mathop \cap B}$


From Subset of Union:

$A, B \subseteq A \cup B$

From Intersection is Subset of Union:

$A \cap B \subseteq A \cup B$

Thus from Characteristic Function of Subset:

$\map {\chi_{A \mathop \cup B} } s = 0 \implies \map {\chi_A} s = \map {\chi_B} s = \map {\chi_{A \mathop \cap B} } s = 0$

Now suppose that $\map {\chi_A} s + \map {\chi_B} s - \map {\chi_{A \mathop \cap B} } s = 0$.

That is:

$\map {\chi_A} s + \map {\chi_B} s = \map {\chi_{A \mathop \cap B} } s$

Suppose the latter equals $1$, that is $s \in A \cap B$.

Then both $s \in A$ and $s \in B$, so by definition of characteristic function:

$\map {\chi_A} s + \map {\chi_B} s = 1 + 1 = 2$

Since $2 \ne 1$, it follows that $\map {\chi_{A \mathop \cap B} } s \ne 1$, that is it equals $0$.

Thence, it follows that:

$\map {\chi_A} s + \map {\chi_B} s = 0$.

This only happens when $\map {\chi_A} s = \map {\chi_B} s = 0$.

Thus, $s \notin A$ and $s \notin B$, so $s \notin A \cup B$.

It finally follows that $\map {\chi_{A \mathop \cup B} } s = 0$.

It is now established that:

$\map {\chi_{A \mathop \cup B} } s = 0 \iff \map {\chi_A} s + \map {\chi_B} s - \map {\chi_{A \mathop \cap B} } s = 0$

and from Characteristic Function Determined by 0-Fiber, the result follows.