# Combination Theorem for Continuous Mappings/Metric Space/Multiple Rule

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## Theorem

Let $M = \struct {A, d}$ be a metric space.

Let $\R$ denote the real numbers.

Let $f: M \to \R$ be a real-valued function from $M$ to $\R$ which is continuous on $M$.

Let $\lambda \in \R$ be an arbitrary real number.

Then:

- $\lambda f$ is continuous on $M$.

## Proof

By definition of continuous:

- $\forall a \in M: \ds \lim_{x \mathop \to a} \map f x = \map f a$

Let $f$ tend to the following limit:

- $\ds \lim_{x \mathop \to a} \map f x = l$

From the Multiple Rule for Limits of Real Functions, we have that:

- $\ds \lim_{x \mathop \to a} \paren {\lambda \map f x} = \lambda l$

So, by definition of continuous again, we have that $\lambda \map f x$ is continuous on $M$.

$\blacksquare$

## Sources

- 1975: W.A. Sutherland:
*Introduction to Metric and Topological Spaces*... (previous) ... (next): $2$: Continuity generalized: metric spaces: Exercise $2.6: 14$