# Constant Mapping to Identity is Homomorphism

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## Theorem

### Group Homomorphism

Let $\struct {G_1, \circ_1}$ and $\struct {G_2, \circ_2}$ be groups with identities $e_1$ and $e_2$ respectively.

Let $\phi_e: \struct {G_1, \circ_1} \to \struct {G_2, \circ_2}$ be the constant mapping defined as:

- $\forall x \in G_1: \map {\phi_e} x = e_2$

Then $\phi_e$ is a group homomorphism whose image is $\set {e_2}$ and whose kernel is $G_1$.

### Ring Homomorphism

Let $\struct {R_1, +_1, \circ_1}$ and $\struct {R_2, +_2, \circ_2}$ be rings with zeroes $0_1$ and $0_2$ respectively.

Let $\zeta$ be the zero homomorphism from $R_1$ to $R_2$, that is:

- $\forall x \in R_1: \map \zeta x = 0_2$

Then $\zeta$ is a ring homomorphism whose image is $\set {0_2}$ and whose kernel is $R_1$.