# Convergent Real Sequence has Unique Limit/Proof 1

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## Theorem

Let $\sequence {s_n}$ be a real sequence.

Then $\sequence {s_n}$ can have at most one limit.

## Proof

Aiming for a contradiction, suppose that $\sequence {s_n}$ converges to $l$ and also to $m$.

That is, suppose that:

- $\displaystyle \lim_{n \mathop \to \infty} x_n = l$

and:

- $\displaystyle \lim_{n \mathop \to \infty} x_n = m$

Without loss of generality, assume that $l \ne m$.

Let:

- $\epsilon = \dfrac {\size {l - m} } 2$

As $l \ne m$, it follows that $\epsilon > 0$.

As $\sequence {s_n} \to l$:

- $\exists N_1 \in \N: \forall n \in \N: n > N_1: \size {s_n - l} < \epsilon$

Similarly, since $\sequence {s_n} \to m$:

- $\exists N_2 \in \N: \forall n \in \N: n > N_2: \size {s_n - m} < \epsilon$

Now set $N = \max \set {N_1, N_2}$.

We have:

\(\displaystyle \size {l - m}\) | \(=\) | \(\displaystyle \size {l - s_N + s_N - m}\) | |||||||||||

\(\displaystyle \) | \(\le\) | \(\displaystyle \size {l - s_N} + \size {s_N - m}\) | Triangle Inequality for Real Numbers | ||||||||||

\(\displaystyle \) | \(<\) | \(\displaystyle 2 \epsilon\) | |||||||||||

\(\displaystyle \) | \(=\) | \(\displaystyle \size {l - m}\) |

This constitutes a contradiction.

It follows from Proof by Contradiction that $l = m$.

$\blacksquare$

## Sources

- 1975: W.A. Sutherland:
*Introduction to Metric and Topological Spaces*... (previous) ... (next): $\S 1.2$: Real Sequences: Proposition $1.2.3$ - 1977: K.G. Binmore:
*Mathematical Analysis: A Straightforward Approach*... (previous) ... (next): $\S 4$: Convergent Sequences: Some simple properties of convergent sequences: $\S 4.22$