# Countable Compactness is Preserved under Continuous Surjection

## Contents

## Theorem

Let $T_A = \left({S_A, \tau_A}\right)$ and $T_B = \left({S_B, \tau_B}\right)$ be topological spaces.

Let $\phi: T_A \to T_B$ be a continuous surjection.

If $T_A$ is countably compact, then $T_B$ is also countably compact.

## Proof

Let $T_A$ be countably compact.

Take a countable open cover $\mathcal U$ of $T_B$.

From Preimage of Cover is Cover, $\mathcal V := \left\{{\phi^{-1} \left({U}\right): U \in \mathcal U}\right\}$ is a cover of $S_A$.

$\mathcal V$ is a countable cover because there it is bijective with $\mathcal U$.

By hypothesis, $\phi$ is continuous.

For all $U \in \mathcal U$, $U$ is open in $T_B$.

It follows that $\forall U \in \mathcal U: \phi^{-1} \left({U}\right)$ is open in $T_A$.

So $\mathcal V$ is a countable open cover of $T_A$.

$T_A$ is countably compact, so we take a finite subcover:

- $\left\{{\phi^{-1} \left({U_1}\right), \ldots, \phi^{-1} \left({U_n}\right)}\right\}$

We have that $\phi$ is surjective.

So from Surjection iff Right Inverse:

- $\phi \left({\phi^{-1} \left({A}\right)}\right) = A$

So:

- $\left\{{\phi\left({\phi^{-1}\left({U_1}\right)}\right), \ldots, \phi \left({\phi^{-1} \left({U_n}\right)}\right)}\right\} = \left\{{U_1, \ldots, U_n}\right\} \subseteq \mathcal U$

is a finite subcover of $\mathcal U$ on $T_B$.

{{explain|It is not clear that $\left\{{U_1, \ldots, U_n}\right\}$ covers $T_B$.}}

$\blacksquare$

## Also see

## Sources

- 1970: Lynn Arthur Steen and J. Arthur Seebach, Jr.:
*Counterexamples in Topology*... (previous) ... (next): $\text{I}: \ \S 3$: Invariance Properties