# Countable Complement Space is not First-Countable

## Theorem

Let $T = \struct {S, \tau}$ be a countable complement topology on an uncountable set $S$.

Then $T$ is not a first-countable space.

## Proof

Aiming for a contradiction, suppose some $x \in S$ has a countable local basis.

That means:

there exists a countable set of sets $\BB_x \subseteq \tau$

such that:

$\forall B \in \BB_x: x \in B$

and such that:

every open neighborhood of $x$ contains some $B \in \BB_x$.

So:

 $\displaystyle \bigcap \BB_x$ $=$ $\displaystyle \set x$ $\displaystyle \leadsto \ \$ $\displaystyle S \setminus \set x$ $=$ $\displaystyle S \setminus \bigcap \BB_x$ $\displaystyle$ $=$ $\displaystyle \bigcup_{B \mathop \in \BB_x} \paren {S \setminus B}$ De Morgan's Laws: Difference with Intersection

By definition, each of $S \setminus B$ is countable.

From Countable Union of Countable Sets is Countable it follows that $\displaystyle \bigcup_{B \mathop \in \BB_x} \paren {S \setminus B}$ is also countable.

So $S \setminus \set x$ and therefore $S$ is also countable.

From this contradiction (as we have specified that $S$ is uncountable) it follows that our assumption that $x \in S$ has a countable local basis must be false.

Hence by definition $T$ can not be first-countable.

$\blacksquare$