Definition:Almost Perfect Number

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Let $n \in \Z_{\ge 0}$ be a positive integer.

Definition 1

Let $A \left({n}\right)$ denote the abundance of $n$.

$n$ is almost perfect if and only if $A \left({n}\right) = -1$.

Definition 2

$n$ is almost perfect if and only if:

$\sigma \left({n}\right) = 2 n - 1$

where $\sigma \left({n}\right)$ denotes the $\sigma$ function of $n$.

Definition 3

$n$ is almost perfect if and only if it is exactly one greater than the sum of its aliquot parts.

Thus an almost perfect number can be described as "deficient, but only just".

Also known as

An almost perfect number is also known as:

a least deficient number
a slightly defective number.

Some sources hyphenate: almost-perfect.


The sequence of almost perfect numbers begins:

$1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, \ldots$



$16$ is an almost perfect number.

Also see

  • Results about almost perfect numbers can be found here.