Definition:Amphiboly

Definition

An amphiboly is an ambiguity resulting from poor syntax.

Examples

$48 \div 2\left({9 + 3}\right)$

can mean either:

$\dfrac {48} 2 \left({9 + 3}\right)$

or:

$\dfrac {48} {2 \left({9 + 3}\right)}$

In propositional logic, the lack of a defined precedence between the conjunction ("and") and disjunction ("or") means that such compound statements as:

$p \lor q \land r$

can be interpreted as either:

$\left({p \lor q}\right) \land r$

or:

$p \lor \left({q \land r}\right)$