Definition:Autocorrelation Matrix

From ProofWiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Definition

Let $S$ be a strictly stationary stochastic process giving rise to a time series $T$.

Let $\sequence {s_n}$ be a sequence of $n$ successive values of $T$:

$\sequence {s_n} = \tuple {z_1, z_2, \dotsb, z_n}$


The autocorrelation matrix associated with $S$ for $\sequence {s_n}$ is:

$\mathbf P_n = \begin {pmatrix} 1 & \rho_1 & \rho_2 & \cdots & \rho_{n - 1} \\ \rho_1 & 1 & \rho_1 & \cdots & \rho_{n - 2} \\ \rho_2 & \rho_1 & 1 & \cdots & \rho_{n - 3} \\ \vdots & \vdots & \vdots & \ddots & \vdots \\ \rho_{n - 1} & \rho_{n - 2} & \rho_{n - 3} & \cdots & 1 \end {pmatrix}$

where $\rho_k$ is the autocorrelation of $S$ at lag $k$.


That is, such that:

$\sqbrk {P_n}_{i j} = \rho_{\size {i - j} }$


Also see

  • Results about autocorrelation matrices can be found here.


Sources

Part $\text {I}$: Stochastic Models and their Forecasting:
$2$: Autocorrelation Function and Spectrum of Stationary Processes:
$2.1$ Autocorrelation Properties of Stationary Models:
$2.1.3$ Positive Definiteness and the Autocovariance Matrix