Definition:Closed Extension Topology

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Let $T = \struct {S, \tau}$ be a topological space.

Let $p$ be a new element for $S$ such that $S^*_p := S \cup \set p$.

Let $\tau^*_p$ be the set defined as:

$\tau^*_p := \set {U \cup \set p: U \in \tau} \cup \set \O$

That is, $\tau^*_p$ is the set of all sets formed by adding $p$ to all the open sets of $\tau$ and including the empty set.


$\tau^*_p$ is the closed extension topology of $\tau$


$T^*_p := \struct {S^*_p, \tau^*_p}$ is the closed extension space of $T = \struct {S, \tau}$.

Also see

  • Results about closed extension topologies can be found here.