# Definition:Closed Interval/Integer Interval

## Definition

Let $S$ be the set $\N$ of natural numbers or $\Z$ of integers.

Let $\struct {S, \le}$ be the totally ordered set formed from $S$ and the usual ordering $\le$ on numbers.

Let $m, n \in S$.

The **integer interval between $m$ and $n$** is denoted and defined as:

- $\closedint m n = \begin{cases} \set {x \in S: m \le x \le n} & : m \le n \\ \O & : n < m \end{cases}$

where $\O$ is the empty set.

## Also denoted as

Some authorities consider $\closedint m n$ to be an abuse of notation, as there is nothing in it intrinsically to distinguish it from the closed real interval $\set {x \in \R: m \le x \le n}$.

Such sources prefer to use the more conventional $\set {m, m + 1, \ldots, n}$, but then again it relies upon the implicit understanding that the domain is the set of integers.

The context will frequently be sufficient to allow the reader to determine whether $\closedint m n$ is to be interpreted as $\set {x \in \Z: m \le x \le n}$ or $\set {x \in \R: m \le x \le n}$, but it is recommended that the convention be specifically defined when it is used.

## Technical Note

The $\LaTeX$ code for \(\closedint {a} {b}\) is `\closedint {a} {b}`

.

This is a custom $\mathsf{Pr} \infty \mathsf{fWiki}$ command designed to implement Wirth interval notation.

## Sources

- 1965: Seth Warner:
*Modern Algebra*... (previous) ... (next): $\S 16$