Definition:Real Interval/Unit Interval/Closed

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The closed interval from $0$ to $1$ is denoted $\mathbb I$ (or a variant) by some authors:

$\mathbb I := \left [{0 \,.\,.\, 1} \right] = \left\{{x \in \R: 0 \le x \le 1}\right\}$

This is often referred to as the closed unit interval.

Also denoted as

Sources which use the $\textbf{boldface}$ font for the number sets $\N, \Z, \Q, \R, \C$ tend also to use $\mathbf I$ for this entity.

Some sources merely use the ordinary italic font $I$.


An arbitrary interval is frequently denoted $\mathbb I$, although some sources use just $I$. Others use $\mathbf I$.

Wirth Interval Notation

The notation used on this site to denote a real interval is a fairly recent innovation, and was introduced by Niklaus Emil Wirth:

\(\displaystyle \openint a b\) \(:=\) \(\displaystyle \set {x \in \R: a < x < b}\) $\quad$ Open Real Interval $\quad$
\(\displaystyle \hointr a b\) \(:=\) \(\displaystyle \set {x \in \R: a \le x < b}\) $\quad$ Half-Open (to the right) Real Interval $\quad$
\(\displaystyle \hointl a b\) \(:=\) \(\displaystyle \set {x \in \R: a < x \le b}\) $\quad$ Half-Open (to the left) Real Interval $\quad$
\(\displaystyle \closedint a b\) \(:=\) \(\displaystyle \set {x \in \R: a \le x \le b}\) $\quad$ Closed Real Interval $\quad$

The term Wirth interval notation has consequently been coined by $\mathsf{Pr} \infty \mathsf{fWiki}$.