Definition:Coset Space

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Definition

Let $G$ be a group, and let $H$ be a subgroup of $G$.


Left Coset Space

The left coset space (of $G$ modulo $H$) is the quotient set of $G$ by left congruence modulo $H$, denoted $G / H^l$.

It is the set of all the left cosets of $H$ in $G$.


Right Coset Space

The right coset space (of $G$ modulo $H$) is the quotient set of $G$ by right congruence modulo $H$, denoted $G / H^r$.

It is the set of all the right cosets of $H$ in $G$.


Note

If we are (as is usual) concerned at a particular time with only the left or the right coset space, then the superscript is usually dropped and the notation $G / H$ is used for both the left and right coset space.

If, in addition, $H$ is a normal subgroup of $G$, then $G / H^l = G / H^r$ and the notation $G / H$ is then unambiguous anyway.


Also known as

Some sources call this the left quotient set and right quotient set respectively.

Some sources use:

$G \mathrel \backslash H$ for $G / H^l$
$G / H$ for $G / H^r$

This notation is rarely encountered, and can be a source of confusion.


Also see


Sources