# Definition:Cosine/Definition from Circle

## Definition

Consider a unit circle $C$ whose center is at the origin of a cartesian coordinate plane. Let $P = \left({x, y}\right)$ be the point on $C$ in the first quadrant such that $\theta$ is the angle made by $OP$ with the $x$-axis.

Let $AP$ be the perpendicular from $P$ to the $y$-axis.

Then the cosine of $\theta$ is defined as the length of $AP$. Let $P = \left({x, y}\right)$ be the point on $C$ in the second quadrant such that $\theta$ is the angle made by $OP$ with the $x$-axis.

Let $AP$ be the perpendicular from $P$ to the $y$-axis.

Then the cosine of $\theta$ is defined as the length of $AP$. Let $P = \left({x, y}\right)$ be the point on $C$ in the third quadrant such that $\theta$ is the angle made by $OP$ with the $x$-axis.

Let $AP$ be the perpendicular from $P$ to the $y$-axis.

Then the cosine of $\theta$ is defined as the length of $AP$. Let $P = \left({x, y}\right)$ be the point on $C$ in the fourth quadrant such that $\theta$ is the angle made by $OP$ with the $x$-axis.
Let $AP$ be the perpendicular from $P$ to the $y$-axis.
Then the cosine of $\theta$ is defined as the length of $AP$.