Definition:Cotangent/Definition from Circle

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Definition

First Quadrant

Consider a unit circle $C$ whose center is at the origin of a cartesian coordinate plane.


CotangentFirstQuadrant.png


Let $P$ be the point on $C$ in the first quadrant such that $\theta$ is the angle made by $OP$ with the $x$-axis.

Let a tangent line be drawn to touch $C$ at $A = \left({0, 1}\right)$.

Let $OP$ be produced to meet this tangent line at $B$.


Then the cotangent of $\theta$ is defined as the length of $AB$.


Second Quadrant

Consider a unit circle $C$ whose center is at the origin of a cartesian coordinate plane.


CotangentSecondQuadrant.png


Let $P$ be the point on $C$ in the second quadrant such that $\theta$ is the angle made by $OP$ with the $x$-axis.

Let a tangent line be drawn to touch $C$ at $A = \left({0, 1}\right)$.

Let $OP$ be produced to meet this tangent line at $B$.


Then the cotangent of $\theta$ is defined as the length of $AB$.


Third Quadrant

Consider a unit circle $C$ whose center is at the origin of a cartesian coordinate plane.


CotangentThirdQuadrant.png


Let $P$ be the point on $C$ in the third quadrant such that $\theta$ is the angle made by $OP$ with the $x$-axis.

Let a tangent line be drawn to touch $C$ at $A = \left({0, 1}\right)$.

Let $OP$ be produced to meet this tangent line at $B$.


Then the cotangent of $\theta$ is defined as the length of $AB$.


Fourth Quadrant

Consider a unit circle $C$ whose center is at the origin of a cartesian coordinate plane.


CotangentFourthQuadrant.png


Let $P$ be the point on $C$ in the fourth quadrant such that $\theta$ is the angle made by $OP$ with the $x$-axis.

Let a tangent line be drawn to touch $C$ at $A = \left({0, 1}\right)$.

Let $OP$ be produced to meet this tangent line at $B$.


Then the cotangent of $\theta$ is defined as the length of $AB$.