# Definition:Density (Physics)/Area

Jump to navigation
Jump to search

## Contents

## Definition

The **area density** of a two-dimensional body is its mass per unit area.

The usual symbol used to denote **area density** is $\rho_A$, although some sources simply use $\rho$ if the context makes it clear that it refers to area density rather than volume density.

Occasionally, $\sigma$ (Greek letter **sigma**) is also used, but this is more commonly used for surface charge density.

### Dimension of Area Density

The dimension of **area density** is $M L^{-2}$: mass per unit area.

### Units of Area Density

- The SI units of
**area density**are $\mathrm {kg} \ \mathrm m^{-2}$ (kilograms per square metre).

- The CGS units of
**density**are $\mathrm g \ \mathrm{cm}^{-2}$ (grams per square centimetre).

Thus:

- $1 \ \mathrm g \ \mathrm{cm}^{-2} = 10 \ \mathrm{kg} \ \mathrm m^{-2}$

## Also known as

Also known as **surface density**, **areal density** or **planar density**.