Definition:Fundamental Unit (Physics)
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A fundamental unit a unit of measurement for a measurable physical property from which every other unit for that quantity can be derived.
The fundamental unit for a particular measurable quantity is chosen by convention.
They are the units of the fundamental dimensions of physics.
Also known as
Fundamental units are also known as base units.
There are various conventions, as follows:
- SI units (Système International), which evolved from the MKS system
- MKS, that is, Metre-Kilogram-Second
- CGS, that is, Centimetre-Gram-Second
- Imperial or FPS: that is, Foot-Pound-Second.
There are other more specialized ones.
- 1998: David Nelson: The Penguin Dictionary of Mathematics (2nd ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): base units