Common logarithms were developed by Henry Briggs, as a direct offshoot of the work of John Napier.
After seeing the tables that Napier published, Briggs consulted Napier, and suggested defining them differently, using base $10$.
In $1617$, Briggs published a set of tables of logarithms of the first $1000$ positive integers.
In $1624$, he published tables of logarithms which included $30 \, 000$ logarithms going up to $14$ decimal places.
Before the advent of cheap means of electronic calculation, common logarithms were widely used as a technique for performing multiplication.