Definition:Hadamard Matrix

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A Hadamard matrix $H$ is a square matrix such that:

Definition 1

$(1): \quad$ all the entries of $H$ are either $+1$ or $-1$
$(2): \quad$ all the rows of $H$ are pairwise orthogonal.

Definition 2

$(1): \quad$ all the entries of $H$ are either $+1$ or $-1$
$(2): \quad H H^\intercal = n \mathbf I_n$


$H^\intercal$ denotes the transpose of $H$
$\mathbf I_n$ denotes the identity matrix of order $n$

given that the order of $H$ is $n$.

Also see

  • Results about Hadamard matrices can be found here.

Source of Name

This entry was named for Jacques Salomon Hadamard.