Definition:Product Notation (Algebra)/Infinite

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Indexed Infinite Product

Let $\struct {S, \times}$ be an algebraic structure.

Product over Set

Propositional Function

Let $\struct {S, \times}$ be an algebraic structure.

Let an infinite number of values of $j$ satisfy the propositional function $\map R j$.

Then the precise meaning of $\displaystyle \prod_{\map R j} a_j$ is:

$\displaystyle \prod_{\map R j} a_j = \paren {\lim_{n \mathop \to \infty} \prod_{\substack {\map R j \\ -n \mathop \le j \mathop < 0} } a_j} \times \paren {\lim_{n \mathop \to \infty} \prod_{\substack {\map R j \\ 0 \mathop \le j \mathop \le n} } a_j}$

provided that both limits exist.

If either limit does fail to exist, then the infinite product does not exist.


The set of elements $\left\{{a_j \in S: 1 \le j \le n, R \left({j}\right)}\right\}$ is called the multiplicand.


The sign $\displaystyle \prod$ is called the product sign and is derived from the capital Greek letter $\Pi$, which is $\mathrm P$, the first letter of product.

Also see

Historical Note

The originally investigation into the theory of infinite products was carried out by Leonhard Paul Euler.