Definition:Integral Transform

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Let $p$ be a variable whose domain is a subset of the set of real numbers $\R$.

Let $\closedint a b$ be a closed real interval for some $a, b \in \R: a \le b$.

Let $f: \closedint a b \to \R$ be a real function defined on the domain $\closedint a b$.

Let $\map K {p, x}$ be a real-valued function defined for all $p$ in its domain and all $x \in \closedint a b$.

Let $\map f x \map K {p, x}$ be integrable with respect to $x$ for all $p$ in its domain and all $x \in \closedint a b$.

Consider the real function $\map F p$ defined as:

$\map F p = \ds \int_a^b \map f x \map K {p, x} \rd x$

Then $\map F p$ is an integral transform of $\map f x$.


The function $\map K {p, x}$ is the kernel of $\map F p$.

Integral Transform as Integral Operator

This can be written in the form:

$F = \map T f$

where $T$ is interpreted as the (unitary) operator meaning:

Multiply this by $\map K {p, x}$ and integrate with respect to $x$ between the limits $a$ and $b$.

Thus $T$ transforms the function $\map f x$ into its image $\map F p$, which is itself another real function.

Image Space

The domain of $p$ is known as the image space of $T$.