# Definition:Neighborhood Basis

## Definition

Let $\left({X, \tau}\right)$ be a topological space.

Let $x \in X$.

Let $\mathcal B$ be a set of neighborhoods of $x$.

Then $\mathcal B$ is a **neighborhood basis** at $x$ if and only if:

- For each neighborhood $N$ of $x$, there is an $M \in \mathcal B$ such that $M \subseteq N$.

## Also defined as

Some sources require the elements of a **neighborhood basis** to be open.

On $\mathsf{Pr} \infty \mathsf{fWiki}$, such a structure is referred to as a local basis.

## Also known as

Some sources call this a **local basis**, but on $\mathsf{Pr} \infty \mathsf{fWiki}$, that term is reserved for a stronger notion.

## Also see

## Sources

- 1962: Bert Mendelson:
*Introduction to Topology*... (previous) ... (next): $\S 3.3$: Neighborhoods and Neighborhood Spaces: Exercise $3$