Definition:Non-Successor Element

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Definition

Let $\struct {P, s, 0}$ be a Peano structure.


Then the element $0 \in P$ is called the non-successor element.

This is justified by Axiom $(P4)$, which stipulates that $0$ is not in the image of the successor mapping $s$.


Also defined as

Some treatments of Peano's axioms define the non-successor element (or primal element) to be $1$ and not $0$.

The treatments are similar, but the $1$-based system results in an algebraic structure which has no identity element for addition, and so no zero for multiplication.


Also known as

It would be nice if there were a name for this element more terse than non-successor element and more general than zero.

A suggestion coined at $\mathsf{Pr} \infty \mathsf{fWiki}$ is primal element.


Sources