Definition:Polynomial Function/General Definition
Contents
Definition
Let $R$ be a commutative ring with unity.
Let $f = a_1 \mathbf X^{k_1} + \cdots + a_r \mathbf X^{k_r}$ be a polynomial form over $R$ in the indeterminates $\left\{{X_j: j \in J}\right\}$.
For each $x = \left({x_j}\right)_{j \in J} \in R^J$, let $\phi_x: R \left[{\left\{{X_j: j \in J}\right\}}\right] \to R$ be the evaluation homomorphism from the ring of polynomial forms at $x$.
Then the set:
- $\left\{{\left({x, \phi_x \left({f}\right)}\right): x \in R^J}\right\} \subseteq R^J \times R$
defines a polynomial function $R^J \to R$.
Also see
A part of this page has to be extracted as a theorem. |
This mapping from polynomial forms to polynomial functions is surjective by definition, but not necessarily injective.
For example, if $R = \mathbb F_2$ is the field with two elements, then $1 + X$ and $1 + X^2$ define the same function $\mathbb F_2 \to \mathbb F_2$, but are different polynomial forms over $\mathbb F_2$.
Also see
By Ring of Polynomial Functions is Commutative Ring with Unity the set of all polynomial functions is a commutative ring with unity.
By Equality of Polynomials, when $R$ is a field of characteristic $0$, the rings of polynomial forms and ring of polynomial functions are isomorphic, and we usually identify the two.
Sources
- 2000: Pierre A. Grillet: Abstract Algebra: $\S \text{III}.6$