# Definition:Prime Ideal of Ring/Commutative and Unitary Ring

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## Definition

Let $\struct {R, +, \circ}$ be a commutative and unitary ring.

### Definition 1

A **prime ideal** of $R$ is a proper ideal $P$ such that:

- $\forall a, b \in R : a \circ b \in P \implies a \in P$ or $b \in P$

### Definition 2

A **prime ideal** of $R$ is a proper ideal $P$ of $R$ such that:

- $I \circ J \subseteq P \implies I \subseteq P \text { or } J \subseteq P$

for all ideals $I$ and $J$ of $R$.

### Definition 3

A **prime ideal** of $R$ is a proper ideal $P$ of $R$ such that:

- the complement $R \setminus P$ of $P$ in $R$ is closed under the ring product $\circ$.