Definition:Quaternion/Construction from Cayley-Dickson Construction

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Definition

The set of quaternions $\Bbb H$ can be defined by the Cayley-Dickson construction from the set of complex numbers $\C$.

From Complex Numbers form Algebra, $\C$ forms a nicely normed $*$-algebra.

Let $a, b \in \C$.

Then $\left({a, b}\right) \in \Bbb H$, where:

$\left({a, b}\right) \left({c, d}\right) = \left({a c - d \overline b, \overline a d + c b}\right)$
$\overline {\left({a, b}\right)} = \left({\overline a, -b}\right)$

where:

$\overline a$ is the complex conjugate of $a$

and

$\overline {\left({a, b}\right)}$ is the conjugation operation on $\Bbb H$.


It is clear by direct comparison with the Construction from Complex Pairs that this construction genuinely does generate the Quaternions.


Sources