Definition:Inverse Hyperbolic Cosine/Real/Principal Branch

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Let $S$ denote the subset of the real numbers:

$S = \set {x \in \R: x \ge 1}$

The principal branch of the real inverse hyperbolic cosine function is defined as:

$\forall x \in S: \map \arcosh x := \map \ln {x + \sqrt {x^2 - 1} }$


$\ln$ denotes the natural logarithm of a (strictly positive) real number.
$\sqrt {x^2 - 1}$ specifically denotes the positive square root of $x^2 - 1$

That is, where $\map \arcosh x \ge 0$.

Graph of Inverse Hyperbolic Cosine

The graph of the real inverse hyperbolic cosine function appears as:


Also denoted as

The symbol used to denote the area hyperbolic cosine function is variously seen as:

  • $\arcosh$
  • $\operatorname {acosh}$

Also known as

The principal branch of the inverse hyperbolic cosine is known as the area hyperbolic cosine, as it can be used, among other things, for evaluating areas of regions bounded by hyperbolas.

Some sources refer to it as hyperbolic arccosine, but this is strictly a misnomer, as there is nothing arc related about an inverse hyperbolic cosine.

In the real domain, $\mathsf{Pr} \infty \mathsf{fWiki}$ reserves the term area hyperbolic cosine strictly for the principal branch, that is, for $\map \arcosh x > 0$.

Also see