Definition:Step Function

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A real function $f: \R \to \R$ is a step function if and only if it can be expressed as a finite linear combination of the form:

$f \left({x}\right) = \lambda_1 \chi_{\mathbb I_1} + \lambda_2 \chi_{\mathbb I_2} + \cdots + \lambda_n \chi_{\mathbb I_n}$


$\lambda_1, \lambda_2, \ldots, \lambda_n$ are real constants
$\mathbb I_1, \mathbb I_2, \ldots, \mathbb I_n$ are intervals, where these intervals partition $\R$
$\chi_{\mathbb I_1}, \chi_{\mathbb I_2}, \ldots, \chi_{\mathbb I_n}$ are characteristic functions of $\mathbb I_1, \mathbb I_2, \ldots, \mathbb I_n$.

Also see