Definition:Surjection/Definition 2

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Let $f: S \to T$ be a mapping from $S$ to $T$.

$f: S \to T$ is a surjection if and only if:

$f \sqbrk S = T$

or, in the language and notation of direct image mappings:

$\map {f^\to} S = T$

That is, $f$ is a surjection if and only if its image equals its codomain:

$\Img f = \Cdm f$

Also known as

The phrase $f$ is surjective is often used for $f$ is a surjection.

Authors who prefer to limit the jargon of mathematics tend to use the term an onto mapping for a surjection, and onto for surjective.

A mapping which is not surjective is thence described as into.

A surjection $f$ from $S$ to $T$ is sometimes denoted:

$f: S \twoheadrightarrow T$

to emphasize surjectivity.

In the context of class theory, a surjection is often seen referred to as a class surjection.

Also see

  • Results about surjections can be found here.