Definition:T3 Space/Definition 2

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Let $T = \left({S, \tau}\right)$ be a topological space.

$T = \left({S, \tau}\right)$ is $T_3$ if and only if each open set contains a closed neighborhood around each of its points:

$\forall U \in \tau: \forall x \in U: \exists N_x: \complement_S \left({N_x}\right) \in \tau: \exists V \in \tau: x \in V \subseteq N_x \subseteq U$

Variants of Name

From about 1970, treatments of this subject started to refer to this as a regular space, and what is defined on $\mathsf{Pr} \infty \mathsf{fWiki}$ as a regular space as a $T_3$ space.

However, the names are to a fair extent arbitrary and a matter of taste, as there appears to be no completely satisfactory system for naming all these various Tychonoff separation axioms.

The system as used here broadly follows 1970: Lynn Arthur Steen and J. Arthur Seebach, Jr.: Counterexamples in Topology.

The system used on the Separation axiom page at Wikipedia differs from this.

Also see

  • Results about $T_3$ spaces can be found here.