# Denial of Universality/Examples/x less than or equal to 3/Examples/0 to 3

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## Example of Denial of Universality: $\forall x \in S: x \le 3$

Let $P$ be the statement:

- $\forall x \in S: x \le 3$

and $\lnot P$ its negation:

- $\exists x \in S: x > 3$

Let $S = \closedint 0 3$ where $\closedint \cdot \cdot$ denotes a closed real interval.

Then we have that:

- $P$ is true

and consequently:

- $\lnot P$ is false

## Proof

By definition of closed real interval:

- $\forall x \in S: 0 \le x \le 3$

and so:

- $\forall x \in S: x \le 3$

$\blacksquare$

## Sources

- 1978: Thomas A. Whitelaw:
*An Introduction to Abstract Algebra*... (previous) ... (next): Chapter $1$: Sets and Logic: Exercise $1 \ \text {(i)} \, \text {(b)}$