Elementary Row Operation/Examples/lambda r2

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Examples of Elementary Row Operations

Consider the elementary row operation $e$ defined as:

$e := r_2 \to \lambda r_2$

acting on a matrix space $\map \MM {3, n}$ for some $n \in \Z_{>0}$.

The elementary row matrix corresponding to $e$ is:

$\begin {pmatrix} 1 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & \lambda & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & 1 \end {pmatrix}$


Proof

Let $\mathbf E$ denote the elementary row matrix corresponding to $e$.

From Elementary Matrix corresponding to Elementary Row Operation: Scale Row and Add:

$E_{a b} = \begin {cases} \delta_{a b} & : a \ne 2 \\ \lambda \cdot \delta_{a b} & : a = 2 \end{cases}$

where:

$E_{a b}$ denotes the element of $\mathbf E$ whose indices are $\tuple {a, b}$
$\delta_{a b}$ is the Kronecker delta:
$\delta_{a b} = \begin {cases} 1 & : \text {if $a = b$} \\ 0 & : \text {if $a \ne b$} \end {cases}$

That is:

When $a \ne 2$, the elements of $\mathbf E$ are $0$ except for those on the main diagonal, when they are $1$
When $a = 2$, the elements of $\mathbf E$ are $0$ except for those on the main diagonal, when they are $\lambda$.

Hence $\mathbf E$ can be constructed as described.

$\blacksquare$


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