Equation of Confocal Ellipses/Formulation 2

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The equation:

$(1): \quad \dfrac {x^2} {a^2} + \dfrac {y^2} {a^2 - c^2} = 1$


$\tuple {x, y}$ denotes an arbitrary point in the cartesian plane
$c$ is a (strictly) positive constant
$a$ is a (strictly) positive parameter such that $a > c$

defines the set of all confocal ellipses whose foci are at $\tuple {\pm c, 0}$.


Let $a$ and $c$ be arbitrary (strictly) positive real numbers fulfilling the constraints as defined.

Let $E$ be the locus of the equation:

$(1): \quad \dfrac {x^2} {a^2} + \dfrac {y^2} {a^2 - c^2} = 1$

As $a > c$ it follows that:

$a^2 > c^2$

and so:

$a^2 - c^2 > 0$

Thus $(1)$ is in the form:

$\dfrac {x^2} {a^2} + \dfrac {y^2} {b^2} = 1$

From Equation of Ellipse in Reduced Form, this is the equation of an ellipse in reduced form.


$\tuple {\pm a, 0}$ are the positions of the vertices of $E$
$\tuple {0, \pm b}$ are the positions of the covertices of $E$

From Focus of Ellipse from Major and Minor Axis:

$\tuple {\pm c, 0}$ are the positions of the foci of $E$.

Hence the result.


Also see