Equations defining Projection in Plane

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Theorem

Cartesian

Let $M$ and $N$ be distinct lines in the plane, both of which pass through the origin.

Let the angle between $M$ and the $x$-axis be $\theta$.

Let the angle between $N$ and the $x$-axis be $\phi$.


Let $\pr_{M, N}$ be the projection on $M$ along $N$:

$\forall P \in \R^2: \map {\pr_{M, N} } P =$ the intersection of $M$ with the line through $P$ parallel to $N$.


Let $P = \tuple {x, y}$ be an arbitrary point in the plane.

Then:

$\map {\pr_{M, N} } P = \begin {cases} \tuple {0, y - x \tan \phi} & : \theta = \dfrac \pi 2 \\ \tuple {x, x \tan \theta} & : \phi = \dfrac \pi 2 \\ \tuple {\dfrac {x \tan \phi} {\tan \phi - \tan \theta} - \dfrac y {\tan \phi - \tan \theta}, \dfrac {y \tan \theta} {\tan \theta - \tan \phi} - \dfrac {x \tan \theta \tan \phi} {\tan \theta - \tan \phi} } & : \text {otherwise} \end {cases}$