# Equidistance of Ellipse equals Major Axis

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## Theorem

Let $K$ be an ellipse whose foci are $F_1$ and $F_2$.

Let $P$ be an arbitrary point on $K$.

Let $d$ be the constant distance such that:

- $d_1 + d_2 = d$

where:

- $d_1 = P F_1$
- $d_2 = P F_2$

Then $d$ is equal to the major axis of $K$.

## Proof

By the equidistance property of $K$:

- $d_1 + d_2 = d$

applies to all points $P$ on $K$.

Thus it also applies to the two vertices $V_1$ and $V_2$:

- $V_1 F_1 + V_1 F_2 = d$
- $V_2 F_1 + V_2 F_2 = d$

Adding:

- $V_1 F_1 + V_2 F_1 + V_1 F_2 + V_2 F_2 = 2 d$

But:

- $V_1 F_1 + V_2 F_1 = V_1 V_2$
- $V_1 F_2 + V_2 F_2 = V_1 V_2$

and so:

- $2 V_1 V_2 = 2 d$

By definition, the major axis is $V_1 V_2$.

Hence the result.

$\blacksquare$

## Sources

- Weisstein, Eric W. "Ellipse." From
*MathWorld*--A Wolfram Web Resource. http://mathworld.wolfram.com/Ellipse.html