# Existence and Uniqueness of Direct Limit of Sequence of Groups/Lemma 3

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## Lemma

Let $h_\infty: G_\infty \to H$ be the mapping defined as:

- $\eqclass {\tuple {x_n, n} } {} \mapsto \map {h_n} {x_n}$

Then $h_\infty$ is a well-defined group homomorphism.

## Proof

### Well-Definedness of $h_\infty$

Let $\tuple {x_n, n}, \tuple{x_{n'}, n'} \in \eqclass {\tuple {x_n, n} } {}$.

Without loss of generality, let $n' \ge n$.

Then we have:

- $\map {g_{n, n'} } {x_n} = x_{n'}$

and:

\(\ds \map {h_{n'} } {x_{n'} }\) | \(=\) | \(\ds \map {h_{n'} } {\map {g_{n,n'} } {x_n} }\) | ||||||||||||

\(\ds \) | \(=\) | \(\ds \map {\paren {h_{n'} \circ g_{n, n'} } } {x_n}\) | because $h_{n'} \circ g_{n, n'} = h_n$ | |||||||||||

\(\ds \) | \(=\) | \(\ds \map {h_n} {x_n}\) |

This proves that $h_\infty$ is independent of the representative chosen.

That is, $h_\infty$ is well-defined.

$\Box$

### Homomorphism Property

Let $\eqclass {\tuple{x_n, n} } {}, \eqclass {\tuple {y_m, m} } {} \in G_\infty$.

Without loss of generality, we may assume, by the definition of the group operation, that $n = m$.

See Lemma 2 for details.

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It follows that:

\(\ds \map {h_{\infty} } {\eqclass {\tuple {x_n, n} } {} \circ \eqclass {\tuple {y_n, n} } {} }\) | \(=\) | \(\ds \map {h_n} {x_n y_n}\) | Definition of $h_\infty$ | |||||||||||

\(\ds \) | \(=\) | \(\ds \map {h_n} {x_n} \map {h_n} {y_n}\) | $h_n$ is a homomorphism | |||||||||||

\(\ds \) | \(=\) | \(\ds \map {h_\infty} {\eqclass {\tuple {x_n, n} } {} } \circ \map {h_\infty} {\eqclass {\tuple {y_n, n} } {} }\) | Definition of $h_\infty$ |

Thus $h_\infty$ is a homomorphism.

$\blacksquare$