# Exponential Dominates Polynomial

## Theorem

Let $\exp$ denote the real exponential function.

Let $k \in \N$.

Let $\alpha \in \R_{>0}$.

Then:

$\exists N \in \N: \forall x \in \R_{>N}: \map \exp {\alpha x} > x^k$

## Proof

Choose any $N > \dfrac {\paren {k + 1}!} {\alpha^{k + 1} }$, where $!$ denotes the factorial.

By Taylor Series Expansion for Exponential Function we have for $x \in \R_{\ge 0}$:

$\ds \map \exp {\alpha x} = \sum_{m \mathop \ge 0} \frac {\paren {\alpha x}^m}{m!} > \frac {\paren {\alpha x}^{k + 1} } {\paren {k + 1}!}$

Therefore, for $x > N$:

 $\ds \map \exp {\alpha x}$ $>$ $\ds \frac {\paren {\alpha x}^{k + 1} } {\paren {k + 1}!}$ $\ds$ $=$ $\ds \frac {x \alpha^{k + 1} } {\paren {k + 1}!} x^k$ factoring out an $x$ $\ds$ $>$ $\ds \frac {N \alpha^{k + 1} } {\paren {k + 1}!} x^k$ because $x > N$ $\ds$ $>$ $\ds \frac {\paren {\dfrac {\paren {k + 1}!} {\alpha^{k + 1} } } \alpha^{k + 1} } {\paren {k + 1}!} x^k$ Definition of $N$ $\ds$ $=$ $\ds x^k$

$\blacksquare$