# Fermat's Two Squares Theorem/Historical Note

Jump to navigation
Jump to search

## Historical Note on Fermat's Two Squares Theorem

According to Ivan M. Niven, on "Albert Girard" at Absolute Astronomy.com, Fermat's Two Squares Theorem was initially stated without proof by Albert Girard in $1632$.

Fermat announced its proof in a letter to Marin Mersenne dated December $25$, $1640$.

For this reason it is also sometimes referred to as **Fermat's Christmas Theorem**.

The first published proof was by Leonhard Paul Euler after $7$ years of hard work.

## Sources

- 1937: Eric Temple Bell:
*Men of Mathematics*... (previous) ... (next): Chapter $\text{IV}$: The Prince of Amateurs - 1972: George F. Simmons:
*Differential Equations*... (previous) ... (next): $\S 3$: Appendix $\text A$: Euler - 1986: David Wells:
*Curious and Interesting Numbers*... (previous) ... (next): $13$ - 1992: George F. Simmons:
*Calculus Gems*... (previous) ... (next): Chapter $\text {A}.13$: Fermat ($1601$ – $1665$): Footnote $11$ - 1997: David Wells:
*Curious and Interesting Numbers*(2nd ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): $13$