Finite Product Space is Connected iff Factors are Connected/Basis for the Induction

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Let $T_1$ and $T_2$ be topological spaces.

Then the product space $T_1 \times T_2$ is connected if and only if $T_1$ and $T_2$ are connected.


Necessary Condition

Let $T_1 \times T_2$ be connected.

By Projection from Product Topology is Continuous, $T_1$ and $T_2$ are continuous images under the projections $\pr_1$ and $\pr_2$.

Hence by Continuous Image of Connected Space is Connected, $T_1$ and $T_2$ are connected.


Sufficient Condition

Suppose that $T_1$ and $T_2$ are connected.


$C_y = T_1 \times \set y$ for each $y \in T_2$
$B = \set {x_0} \times T_2$ for some fixed $x_0 \in T_1$.

Each $C_y$ is homeomorphic to $T_1$ by Topological Product with Singleton.

By Connectedness is a Topological Property, each $C_y$ is therefore connected.

By the same argument, $B$ is also connected.


$C_y \cap B = \set {\tuple {x_0, y} }$ and hence is non-empty
$\ds T_1 \times T_2 = B \cup \bigcup_{y \mathop \in T_2} C_y$.

So by the corollary to Union of Connected Sets with Non-Empty Intersections is Connected, it follows that $T_1 \times T_2$ is connected.


Also see