Finitely Generated Algebraic Extension is Finite

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Theorem

Let $L/K$ be a field extension and $\alpha_1,\ldots,\alpha_n \in L$ algebraic over $K$.

Then $K \left({\alpha_1, \ldots, \alpha_n}\right) / K$ is a finite field extension.


Proof

Let $S = \left\{{\alpha_1, \ldots, \alpha_n}\right\}$.

We show by induction on $n$ that $K \left({S}\right) / K$ is finite.

Clearly $K$ is finite over itself, so the result holds when $n = 0$.

Now suppose that for all sets $T \subseteq L$ with $\left|{T}\right| \leq n - 1$ and each element of $T$ algebraic over $K$, $K \left({T}\right) / K$ is finite. We have:

$K \left({S}\right) = K \left({\alpha_1, \ldots, \alpha_{n-1}}\right) \left({\alpha_n}\right)$

By the induction hypothesis $K \left({\alpha_1, \ldots, \alpha_{n-1}}\right) / K$ is finite.

By the Structure of Simple Algebraic Field Extension $K \left({S}\right) / K \left({\alpha_1, \ldots, \alpha_{n-1}}\right)$ is finite.

Therefore, by the Tower Law, $K \left({S}\right) / K$ is finite.

$\blacksquare$