Group Action of Symmetric Group

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Let $\N_n$ denote the set $\set {1, 2, \ldots, n}$.

Let $\struct {S_n, \circ}$ denote the symmetric group on $\N_n$.

The mapping $*: S_n \times \N_n \to \N_n$ defined as:

$\forall \pi \in S_n, \forall n \in \N_n: \pi * n = \map \pi n$

is a group action.

Group Action on Subset of $\N_n$

Let $r \in \N: 0 < r \le n$.

Let $B_r$ denote the set of all subsets of $\N_n$ of cardinality $r$:

$B_r  := \set {S \subseteq \N_n: \card S = r}$

Let $*$ be the mapping $*: S_n \times B_r \to B_r$ defined as:

$\forall \pi \in S_n, \forall S \in B_r: \pi * S = \pi \sqbrk S$

where $\pi \sqbrk S$ denotes the image of $S$ under $\pi$.

Then $*$ is a group action.


The group action axioms are investigated in turn.

Let $\pi, \rho \in S_n$ and $n \in \N_n$.


\(\ds \pi * \paren {\rho * n}\) \(=\) \(\ds \pi * \map \rho n\) Definition of $*$
\(\ds \) \(=\) \(\ds \map \pi {\map \rho n}\) Definition of $*$
\(\ds \) \(=\) \(\ds \map {\paren {\pi \circ \rho} } n\) Definition of Composition of Mappings
\(\ds \) \(=\) \(\ds \paren {\pi \circ \rho} * n\) Definition of $*$

demonstrating that Group Action Axiom $\text {GA} 1$ holds.


\(\ds I_{\N_n} * n\) \(=\) \(\ds \map {I_{\N_n} } n\) where $I_{\N_n}$ is the identity mapping on ${\N_n}$
\(\ds \) \(=\) \(\ds n\) Definition of Identity Mapping

demonstrating that Group Action Axiom $\text {GA} 2$ holds.