Group Direct Product/Examples/C3 x C3

Example of Group Direct Product

The direct product of $C_3$, the cyclic group of order $3$, with itself is as follows.

Let us represent $C_3$ as the group $\struct {\Z_3, +_3}$:

$\begin {array} {r|rrr} +_3 & \eqclass 0 3 & \eqclass 1 3 & \eqclass 2 3 \\ \hline \eqclass 0 3 & \eqclass 0 3 & \eqclass 1 3 & \eqclass 2 3 \\ \eqclass 1 3 & \eqclass 1 3 & \eqclass 2 3 & \eqclass 0 3 \\ \eqclass 2 3 & \eqclass 2 3 & \eqclass 0 3 & \eqclass 1 3 \\ \end{array}$

Then the Cayley table for $\struct{C_2 \times C_3, +_9}$ can be portrayed as:

$\begin {array} {r|rrrrrrrrr} +_{3, 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 3, \eqclass 0 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 3, \eqclass 1 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 3, \eqclass 2 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 3, \eqclass 0 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 3, \eqclass 1 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 3, \eqclass 2 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 2 3, \eqclass 0 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 2 3, \eqclass 1 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 2 3, \eqclass 2 3} \\ \hline \tuple {\eqclass 0 3, \eqclass 0 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 3, \eqclass 0 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 3, \eqclass 1 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 3, \eqclass 2 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 3, \eqclass 0 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 3, \eqclass 1 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 3, \eqclass 2 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 2 3, \eqclass 0 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 2 3, \eqclass 1 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 2 3, \eqclass 2 3} \\ \tuple {\eqclass 0 3, \eqclass 1 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 3, \eqclass 1 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 3, \eqclass 2 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 3, \eqclass 0 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 3, \eqclass 1 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 3, \eqclass 2 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 3, \eqclass 0 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 2 3, \eqclass 1 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 2 3, \eqclass 2 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 2 3, \eqclass 0 3} \\ \tuple {\eqclass 0 3, \eqclass 2 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 3, \eqclass 2 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 3, \eqclass 0 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 3, \eqclass 1 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 3, \eqclass 2 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 3, \eqclass 0 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 3, \eqclass 1 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 2 3, \eqclass 2 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 2 3, \eqclass 0 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 2 3, \eqclass 1 3} \\ \tuple {\eqclass 1 3, \eqclass 0 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 3, \eqclass 3 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 3, \eqclass 1 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 3, \eqclass 2 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 2 3, \eqclass 0 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 2 3, \eqclass 1 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 2 3, \eqclass 2 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 3, \eqclass 0 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 3, \eqclass 1 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 3, \eqclass 2 3} \\ \tuple {\eqclass 1 3, \eqclass 1 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 3, \eqclass 1 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 3, \eqclass 2 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 3, \eqclass 0 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 2 3, \eqclass 1 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 2 3, \eqclass 2 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 2 3, \eqclass 0 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 3, \eqclass 1 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 3, \eqclass 2 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 3, \eqclass 0 3} \\ \tuple {\eqclass 1 3, \eqclass 2 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 3, \eqclass 2 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 3, \eqclass 0 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 3, \eqclass 1 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 2 3, \eqclass 2 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 2 3, \eqclass 0 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 2 3, \eqclass 1 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 3, \eqclass 2 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 3, \eqclass 0 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 3, \eqclass 1 3} \\ \tuple {\eqclass 2 3, \eqclass 0 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 2 3, \eqclass 0 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 2 3, \eqclass 1 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 2 3, \eqclass 2 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 3, \eqclass 0 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 3, \eqclass 1 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 3, \eqclass 2 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 3, \eqclass 0 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 3, \eqclass 1 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 3, \eqclass 2 3} \\ \tuple {\eqclass 2 3, \eqclass 1 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 2 3, \eqclass 1 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 2 3, \eqclass 2 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 2 3, \eqclass 0 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 3, \eqclass 1 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 3, \eqclass 2 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 3, \eqclass 0 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 3, \eqclass 1 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 3, \eqclass 2 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 3, \eqclass 0 3} \\ \tuple {\eqclass 2 3, \eqclass 2 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 2 3, \eqclass 2 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 2 3, \eqclass 0 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 2 3, \eqclass 1 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 3, \eqclass 2 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 3, \eqclass 0 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 3, \eqclass 1 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 3, \eqclass 2 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 3, \eqclass 0 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 3, \eqclass 1 3} \\ \end{array}$