Group Direct Product of Cyclic Groups/Examples/C2 x C3

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Examples of Use of Group Direct Product of Cyclic Groups

Let $C_2$ denote the cyclic group of order $2$.

The group direct product $C_2 \times C_3$ is a cyclic group.


Proof

Let us represent $C_2$ as the group $\struct {\Z_2, +_2}$:

$\begin {array} {r|rr} +_2 & \eqclass 0 2 & \eqclass 1 2 \\ \hline \eqclass 0 2 & \eqclass 0 2 & \eqclass 1 2 \\ \eqclass 1 2 & \eqclass 1 2 & \eqclass 0 2 \\ \end{array}$


and $C_3$ as the group $\struct {\Z_3, +_3}$:

$\begin {array} {r|rrr} +_3 & \eqclass 0 3 & \eqclass 1 3 & \eqclass 2 3 \\ \hline \eqclass 0 3 & \eqclass 0 3 & \eqclass 1 3 & \eqclass 2 3 \\ \eqclass 1 3 & \eqclass 1 3 & \eqclass 2 3 & \eqclass 0 3 \\ \eqclass 2 3 & \eqclass 2 3 & \eqclass 0 3 & \eqclass 1 3 \\ \end{array}$

So:

$C_2 \times C_3 = \gen {\tuple {\eqclass 1 2, \eqclass 1 3} }$

as can be seen from its Cayley table:

$\begin {array} {r|rrrrrr} +_6 & \tuple {\eqclass 0 2, \eqclass 0 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 2, \eqclass 1 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 2, \eqclass 2 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 2, \eqclass 1 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 2, \eqclass 0 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 2, \eqclass 2 3} \\ \hline \tuple {\eqclass 0 2, \eqclass 0 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 2, \eqclass 0 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 2, \eqclass 1 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 2, \eqclass 2 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 2, \eqclass 0 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 2, \eqclass 1 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 2, \eqclass 2 3} \\ \tuple {\eqclass 1 2, \eqclass 1 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 2, \eqclass 1 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 2, \eqclass 2 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 2, \eqclass 0 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 2, \eqclass 1 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 2, \eqclass 2 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 2, \eqclass 0 3} \\ \tuple {\eqclass 0 2, \eqclass 2 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 2, \eqclass 2 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 2, \eqclass 0 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 2, \eqclass 1 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 2, \eqclass 2 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 2, \eqclass 0 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 2, \eqclass 1 3} \\ \tuple {\eqclass 1 2, \eqclass 0 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 2, \eqclass 0 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 2, \eqclass 1 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 2, \eqclass 2 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 2, \eqclass 0 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 2, \eqclass 1 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 2, \eqclass 2 3} \\ \tuple {\eqclass 0 2, \eqclass 1 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 2, \eqclass 1 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 2, \eqclass 2 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 2, \eqclass 0 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 2, \eqclass 1 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 2, \eqclass 2 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 2, \eqclass 0 3} \\ \tuple {\eqclass 1 2, \eqclass 2 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 2, \eqclass 2 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 2, \eqclass 0 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 2, \eqclass 1 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 2, \eqclass 2 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 1 2, \eqclass 0 3} & \tuple {\eqclass 0 2, \eqclass 1 3} \\ \end{array}$

$\blacksquare$


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